Sunday, November 17, 2019
Damned If You Do Essay In my Chemistry class, there are two students who always ask make remarks or ask questions about the topics discussed: a male and a female. When the male student asks questions, the people in my class sit quietly and listen to the professorÃ¢â¬â¢s explanation, but when the female student asks questions, the classÃ¢â¬âincluding myselfÃ¢â¬â gets annoyed. They begin to roll their eyes and sneer. Even my professor seems to be annoyed at times. Often I hear my classmates complaining about her during break. They nag about how much she interrupts class with her foolish questions and interpretations, yet no one complains about the male classmate. I thought to myself, Ã¢â¬Å"Maybe he asks better questions than she? Ã¢â¬ But after a few weeks I began to realize that the intelligence of their questions and comments tends to be the same. So why do my classmates favor the male studentÃ¢â¬â¢s remarks over the female studentÃ¢â¬â¢s? Everyone has their own way of saying things, however the way we hear what a women says is often completely different in comparison to how we would hear it if a man had said it instead. When hearing both genders communicating, we unintentionally put males above females. We look at men as more powerful than women. In Deborah TannenÃ¢â¬â¢s book, You Just DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Understand, she explains that the reasons for this starts at a very young age. Girls were raised to never boast. Tannen says, Ã¢â¬Å"Girls learn that displaying superiority will not get them what they wantÃ¢â¬âaffiliation with peers. For this, they have to appear the same as, not better than, their friendsÃ¢â¬ (218). Females look at boasting as Ã¢â¬Å"showing offÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"rudeÃ¢â¬ , and feel they will be rejected if they do so. They rarely compare themselves to others. In fact, women try to keep the status between them mutual. The best example is my little sister, Julie. When she plays with her friend Natalie, they always play the same character. They will agree to be Ã¢â¬Å"sister princesses in a big castle. Ã¢â¬ On the other hand, when I see her play with her friend Jake, he always insists on being superior to her. He says things such as Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ll be Batman and youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be Robin,Ã¢â¬ immediately taking the higher status. Boys feel that if they donÃ¢â¬â¢t act dominant and take charge people wonÃ¢â¬â¢t take them seriously. Naturally we expect women not to boast, while with men we donÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to care. If a woman told a group of people she was a founder of a huge company worth millions of dollars, they would think she was Ã¢â¬Å"showing offÃ¢â¬ and the group would automatically leave her out of the conversation. If a man were to say the same thingÃ¢â¬âbecause we are so used to them boastingÃ¢â¬âwe would not look at it as Ã¢â¬Å"showing offÃ¢â¬ . We would think highly of him. This is why men and women are judged differently even when they speak the same way. Tannen says, Ã¢â¬Å"If a linguistic strategy is used by a woman, it is seen as powerless; if itÃ¢â¬â¢s done by a man it is seen as powerfulÃ¢â¬ (225). Since females donÃ¢â¬â¢t try to be at a higher status, their speech is often ineffective. Along with women not addressing a higher status, they also do not ask for something directly. They are more covert when asking for a favor. When my mom says, Ã¢â¬Å"It would be nice if someone would put the dishes away for me,Ã¢â¬ most of the time I donÃ¢â¬â¢t. Because she is asking indirectly, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t see the power in her question. On the other hand, if my dad says Ã¢â¬Å"HeyÃ¢â¬ ¦ put those away for me,Ã¢â¬ I automatically listen. Although they were both implying the same thing, my momÃ¢â¬â¢s statement was powerless because it was polite and indirect. Females use Ã¢â¬Å"tag questionsÃ¢â¬ (227-28), such as Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s a nice dress, isnÃ¢â¬â¢t it? Ã¢â¬ The Ã¢â¬Å"tag questionÃ¢â¬ makes women seem unsure. Women donÃ¢â¬â¢t mean to sound hesitant. They say Ã¢â¬Å"IsnÃ¢â¬â¢t it? Ã¢â¬ expecting the other person to say Ã¢â¬Å"yesÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"no,Ã¢â¬ and therefore starting a conversation. Tannen says, Ã¢â¬Å"[P]eople expect women to use tagsÃ¢â¬ (228). We expect women to be unsure, and as a result, when they make statements or ask questions, we assume they donÃ¢â¬â¢t know that they are talking about. Researcher Patricia Hayes Bradley says, Ã¢â¬Å"When women used tag questions and disclaimers, subjects judged them as less intelligent and knowledgeable than men who also used themÃ¢â¬ (qtd. in Tannen 228). In other words, because of the different stereotypes of men and women, we have distinctive attitudes towards what they say, and we make men dominant. Looking back at the issue in my Chemistry class, I see why I found the female student aggravating. When comparing her to the male classmate, I unconsciously looked at her as lower than him. Both males and females become accustomed to this power vs. powerless ways. It becomes everyday life. People are less likely to pay attention to an idea that is raised by a woman who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t assert her status, therefore making us unconsciously look at them as below men.
Friday, November 15, 2019
The Learning Development Program Should be Retained The local community college cancelled the Learning Development Program (L.D.C.) in the summer of 1999. This program was designed to assess and implement learning deficiencies in potential new students. The academic subjects covered were General Math, English and Reading. It had been determined in the late 1980s that a large number of incoming students were inadequately prepared in these subject areas, and were not able to enroll in the lowest level courses. Assessment test scores confirmed this observation. As a consequence, the college began a program graded on a pass-fail basis, designed to bring these students up to speed. The cancellation of this program should be reviewed, and some instructional alternative must be offered in its place. At this time, students are either rejected for admission, or admitted and then fail their English and math classes. The case for removing the L.D.C. classes rests on two issues: a lack of student interest and a lack of classroom space. Enrollment began to drop after 1997, when a new alignment of supervisory personnel occurred. Students were not made aware of the potential benefits to themselves, and were not prepared for the rigors of college-level work in such areas as English and math. The administration maintained that adequate alternatives were being offered. Further, it was argued that the economic factor of providing for instructors and instructional materials for the small numbers of students enrolled in L.D.C. classes did not make sense. One alternative available for failing students involves tutoring programs for English and math. These are "drop in" labs where those students struggling in the subject areas can come and receive help from a qualified faculty member. For many this service is all that is required. Yet, other students cannot succeed in the "drop in" labs, which often are noisy, and where individual attention is limited. The college can then request a special tutor. This would involve one-on-one instruction. The cost factor here, touted by the administration as of the utmost importance, spirals upward. It is difficult to understand this kind of budgeting, where another program containing indeterminate costs supplants one program that was successful in the past. The second issue concerns a lack of classroom space. A multi-use classroom was designated as the Academic Support Center in 1995-1997.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Government: this word is used to define the system that maintains the state and her people. This system is run by officials who, hopefully, have the nation's best interest at heart; but these best interests for a country often find themselves conflicting in their particular perspectives. In the novel Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, the government has chosen to preserve the interest of state and this dystopia is the result of mankind choosing the wrong faction in the conflict of interest.To clarify, the principles, theories and arguments presented here in are democratic in orientation and not communistic, because the arguments aim toward freedom and rights. Those in control in Brave New World have misguided the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s populace into dystopia, they have lost the people's interest, they have disregarded the people's respect and they have effectively stolen evolution. There will always be a great conflict for those with the misfortune of being leaders: to preserve the state or the people.A decisive argument will skip the moral ethics and get right down to the primary idea: a nation is only possible through her people. This being said, it becomes logical that the right course of action for any leading party is that of the interest of the people; the interest of the people has been touted by many famous political icons throughout the ages as the most vital of a nation's concerns. In fact Ã¢â¬Å"the nation's concernsÃ¢â¬ is directly related to the concern's of her people. This idea, being understood, it is absolutely impossible in a utopian setting that there would be dissatisfaction.A good leader must make sure that their people are provided for, and this can be done simply by meeting the needs of the nation. If the nation wants for nothing, it can be assumed that order would automatically be ensured amongst her people. In Brave New World, the World Controllers have implemented human conditioning and predestination, these methods have indeed assured them that they operate within the nation's best interest. In fact, one can say that by brainwashing the people they have stolen control and not earned it, and the Ã¢â¬Ëutopia' in Brave New World can be defined as a controlled dictatorship.This is but another example of how the State has failed the people. Any ruler worth his salt must first earn the respect, or alternatively fear, of his subjects in order to reign successfully. Respect earns the ruler the trust of the people: this trust then allows for orderly conduct amongst the citizens of the country. Earning respect can be achieved by conducting one's self honorably and proving one's capabilities. Huxley presents another technique of acquiring respect by employing Ã¢â¬Å"hypnopaediaÃ¢â¬ as means of earning respect and gaining control over the nation. Ã¢â¬Å"Of course they don't.How can they? They don't know what it's like being anything else. We'd mind, of course. But then we've been differently conditioned. Besides, we start w ith a different heredityÃ¢â¬ (Huxley,5). Brave New World's Henry foster shows us how conditioning effects a person's values. The citizens do not respect the controllers, they merely adhere to the rules. Though this does not mean that they are dissatisfied, in actual fact they have no sense of dissatisfaction unless it stands opposed to their hypnopaedic prejudice. Ã¢â¬Å"What a hideous colour khaki is,Ã¢â¬ remarked Lenina, voicing the hypnop? ic prejudices of her casteÃ¢â¬ (Huxley,4). Essentially what Huxley has wrought is a world of mindless drones with no sense of self, which is quite possibly the worse outcome for mankind, to become enslaved by a system they created and lost control over. There is one major variable that needs to be considered in keeping order in a nation. People change, things change, nothing will ever remain the same for long, and a good government should be as adaptable as the people. If one is to properly maintain order, one must be able to conform wit h society and trends.These changes and trends are how mankind has learned and developed, and will continue to do so. As stated, government or those in power, must too be able to move forward or to risk losing control and becoming obsolete. This is quite possibly the biggest flaw in Huxley's Brave New World: mankind now controls and predestines the people that inhabit their world, and the price for this control has become progress. A society built on the basis of Ã¢â¬ËCommunity, Identity, StabilityÃ¢â¬â¢ will never be able to face the ever changing, fickle nature of humanity. In order to preserve control they must therefore eliminate evolution.They have stolen evolutionÃ¢â¬â¢s format: the world and mankind will forever be stuck in the small cage of Brave New World, and in essence this eliminates anything that is truly either brave or new. In conclusion, it is safe to say that Huxley's utopia went about achieving its status in the wrong way. Mankind has lost its free will to the controlling powers of a system. This system cannot be called government, as it is more akin in characteristics to slavery. Man no longer has freewill and order is kept not through respect and intellect, but via degeneration nd conduct. The former sections of this essay present strategies and techniques used to maintain order in a society of individuals. Finally, it may be argued that the Brave New World protects society by locking them in a cage of ignorance; however, this is at the cost of freedom, and this is unacceptable. Mankind needs be free in order to progress as has been explained. Protection is all well and good but not at the cost of freedom: humans must be free to make mistakes in order to evolve, grow and create. Societal order must still be maintained, but not abused.Those in charge are well within their right to impose laws and rules, as long as these laws keep within a reasonable parameter. Protection is one thing, enslavement is another; if protection must come at t he cost of freedom then it is not worth it, and I am sure that those in Brave New World, if given the chance, would choose freedom. Huxley's utopia is a future that we should hope is never realized, it would bring us to ruin. If we must place faith in those in control, let us hope that they possess the qualities presented in this essay, and have the ability to lead a world of free people forward and beyond.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
Compare and contrast the poems ‘part one’ by Adrian Henri and the excerpts from William Wordsworth’s poem ‘the prelude’
Both William Wordsworth and Adrian Henri base their poems on childhood experiences, which were inspirational for their poems. Each has a nostalgic view of their childhood and idealise the past which were carefree and when they had no responsibilities. Liverpool was a formative influence for Adrian Henri's poem Ã¢â¬Ëpart one' which is an account of his early life. Whereas William Wordsworth's inspiration for his poem came from where he grew up, The Lake District in Cumbria. He has become Britain's most famous poet of nature. For each poet childhood experiences were a happy time; however there were also traumatic and more disturbing memories, especially for Henri, which they had suppressed. The settings of both Adrian Henri and William Wordworth's poems are the exact antithesis of each other. Adrian Henri grew up in industrial city which is on the north-west coast of England. The reference to Ã¢â¬Ëthe ferryboat' and Ã¢â¬Ëthe seven bridges' indicates that Adrian Henri grew up in Liverpool, the river being the river Mersey. The mention of Ã¢â¬Ëthe boats on the bright river' and Ã¢â¬Ëthe cranes from the dockyard' evokes the sense that Liverpool is a city where shipbuilding is a major source of employment. The description of the Ã¢â¬Ënasty smell from the tannery' emphasises the view that Liverpool is an industrial area which creates pollution and causes damage to the environment. The allusion to the Ã¢â¬Ëbig shops at Christmas' reminds us that Liverpool is a sizeable city and very busy at Christmas time. Although Liverpool reached its prime during the heady 1960's and indeed the city did suffer economically during the 1980's. Liverpool is possibly most renowned as the home of the most successful pop band of all time-the Beatles, heralding the beginning of an era in which Liverpool was the capital of popular culture. William Wordsworth's poem Ã¢â¬Ëthe Prelude' has a famous extract in which the poet is ice-skating on a frozen lake, Esthwaite water near Hawkshead. The setting of Wordsworth's poem is a pastural scene where there is mention of Ã¢â¬Ëcottage windows' and Ã¢â¬Ëthe striking of the village clock' which gives the impression that he came from a rural background and he was bought up in the countryside. The reference to Ã¢â¬Ëprecipes and crags' indicate that there are mountains nearby where he grew up. The extract from the poem is set in the winter season around January or February. There is reference to the Ã¢â¬Ëfrosty season' and there is characterisation of the Ã¢â¬Ëleafless trees' and the Ã¢â¬Ëfires blazing through the twilight gloom' the poet also mentions that it is nearly dark at 6 o'clock. Adrian Henri lived in area where there were a wide range of back to back terraced houses. He grew up very much in a traditional working class background, but a proud one which looked after their home, the step was Ã¢â¬Ëcleaned twice a week' and a Ã¢â¬Ëpolished lobby' they were a devoutly religious family. We get the impression that Adrian Henri was an only child, who was cared by his grandfather as his mum had to work. The poet seemed to have been closer to his grandfather rather than his mother. On returning home from shopping he would shout to his grandfather to show him what he had Ã¢â¬Ëjust been bought' he also recalls his grandfather's moustache tickling him whilst his grandfather was kissing. To a young child the grandfather could have been intimidating with his Ã¢â¬Ëload voice'. However, this was not the case because of the Ã¢â¬Ëlaughter in his country mans eyes' his bark was more harmful than his bite. He was fastidious over his appearance he wore Ã¢â¬Ëgleaming black boots' he was a man of habit Ã¢â¬Ëhe never wore a collar but always a stud. Ã¢â¬Ë He was a countryman at heart. He grew up in a rural and the agricultural environment. His experiences seem to reflect one of the key movements in the nineteenth century called rural depopulation. Once arriving to Liverpool Adrian's grandfather would try re-create the countryside by building on allotment, he had a connexion with nature Adrian Henri compares his grandfather to a Ã¢â¬Ëtall fir tree inn the park. Ã¢â¬Ë Adrian Henri's uncle Bill was a burden and an embarrassment to the family in front of neighbours and other visitors. He smelt of Ã¢â¬Ëbear and horses' from this we can conjecture he used to spend most of his time in the pub and betting offices. He was a veteran of the First World War, because of the war he became disabled he was incapacitated and unemployed. Unfortunately William Wordsworth's parents had past away Ã¢â¬Ëcares not for his home' he does not have to worry about going home on time. The poet uses a simile to compare himself to an Ã¢â¬Ëun tired horse' to evoke his energy and enthusiasm to be out of doors. In the line Ã¢â¬Ëwe hissed along the polished ice in games' the poet uses onomatopoeia to suggest the sounds the skates would make while moving over the ice. In the middle of the poem Wordsworth deliberately chooses to convey an impression of great sound or movement Ã¢â¬Ërhythm', Ã¢â¬Ëtumult', not a voice was idle'. It is maniphastly clear that Wordsworth preferred spending time alone rather than being around people. We get the impression Adrian Henri had a reasonable happy childhood he has fond memories of relatives ad images of home characterized by bright colours. However when Henri returns to his hometown it was a dillusioning experience. He had hoped to find familiar landmarks but everything had changed. Ã¢â¬ËThe allotment at the foot of the hill had gone now', Ã¢â¬Ëgreat gaunt terraces scarred with graffiti. Ã¢â¬Ë By revisiting Liverpool it had bought back unhappy memories which had been forgotten. Wordsworth preferred to be on his own and isolated from other people. At the time of the boat incident it was early evening Wordsworth was independent he was in an adventures spirit. Stealing the boat indicates his willingness to do forbid things. it was an act of stealth and Ã¢â¬Ëtroubled pleasure' at first he enjoyed the experience and deliberately rowed for the Ã¢â¬Ëhorizons utmost boundary'- to escape from where he started willingness to be alone Ã¢â¬Ëprode of skill' the simile Ã¢â¬Ëthe boat moved through the lake like a graceful swan'. There is a change of mood and atmosphere when the huge mountain comes into view. Wordsworth had a childish imagination that the mountains were alive and like a giant striding after him. Wordsworth uses personification to suggest the mountain is not inamate object but has come alive. Wordsworth had the impression that the mountain was in pursuit of him. Wordsworth hastly returned the boat which indicates how frightened he was at the time. After this incident Wordsworth's mood changed significantly. Ã¢â¬Ëpart one' by Adrian Henri was not actually thought out, the poem is written in an unstructured way with no logical sequence, there is no punctuation, virtually no capital letters apart fro m the names. It is written in a stream of consciousness with a series of disconnected thoughts, whereas Wordsworth's poem. Ã¢â¬ËThe prelude' is a long autobiographical poem. It is written on a specific childhood experience. Both poems are about childhood memories but clearly there are differences, the settings of both poems, the way the poems are written and the mood and atmosphere of both poems differ. The way that Liverpool had all changed, the place Henri grew changed entirely, everything he had remembered had changed or gone. Houses had been knocked down Ã¢â¬Ëugly flats' the people who had lived there had also gone. Henri's Liverpool had dramatically changed into an environment he did not remember. The Lake District is a renowned area of England for its natural scenery beauty, thousands of people visit from England and all over the world. Wordsworth was the one who Ã¢â¬Ëmade it popular. Ã¢â¬Ë In my opinion I prefer Ã¢â¬Ëpart one' by Adrian Henri because it does not focus on a specific memory. It is easier to understand as it is not as long as Ã¢â¬Ëthe prelude' which is on specific memories.
Friday, November 8, 2019
Verbally and Orally Verbally and Orally Verbally and Orally By Maeve Maddox Laurel asks: Can you please clarify when to use verbally and when to use orally? Verbally comes from Latin verbum, word. Its adjective form verbal is often used in the sense of spoken, and contrasted with written. Here are some examples from a discussion about giving notice to a landlord: If you give notice verbally and not in writing, is it legally binding? A verbal agreement should be binding. BUT there is nothing like a written agreement Its always better to do everything in writingÃ¢â¬ ¦ Nothing works verbally in law. Verbally is used in other contexts to mean with words or words without action: The woman abused her children verbally. He has no patience with people who verbally profess charity, but do nothing to relieve the misery of others. Orally comes from Late Latin oralis, which comes from Latin os, mouth. It means by mouth. Like verbally, orally is sometimes use in the sense of spoken: Teachers shall require book reports to be presented orally. More often, orally means by mouth How to get a 3 year old to take medicine orally How to Give Cat Medicine Orally Since taking medicine orally involves swallowing it, the following example from the web is overkill: [What] if someone orally swallowed some Lidocaine? Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Using "a" and "an" Before WordsThat vs. Which8 Great Podcasts for Writers and Book Authors
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
Proofreading Techniques When Time is Tight (Issue 24: November, 2009) What should you do when you must proofread a business document, but you face a panic-stricken colleague, a demanding boss, or a shortened deadline? As the holiday season and end-of-year deadlines approach, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to produce more documents in even less time. Assuming that the panic-stricken person who brought you the document gave you no specific instructions about what to look for and what to ignore, here is a list of three process checks, in order of importance:1) Check, Print, Find Reviewer: Work in pairs - ask a colleague to proof your documents, and return the favor. Run the document through grammar and spell-check. This won't catch everything, but it will flag typos. Print the document. Finding errors in print is much easier than on screen. 2) Check Format and Organization: Check the pagination. Make sure that the pages are numbered sequentially. If the document is to be copied double-sided, check to see that blank pages have been inserted properly and that all odd-numbered pages will fall on a right-hand page. Proofread the cover page and title page word for word. Make sure that the date is correct and that the company's and author's names are spelled correctly. Flip each page and look for any glaring errors such as missing figures or printer glitches such as grossly uneven page toner. Flip each page again (make a separate pass) and look at the format to see that headings and subheadings are the correct size and typeface, spacing and indentation are consistent, running headings are correct, and margins are the right size. Check the table of contents against the text. Make sure that all of the sections are included and that the wording in the table of contents matches the text. Check the page numbers against the text. If you have a PowerPoint document, you will likely find errors here. Look at the graphics and tables. Make sure they are numbered correctly and that their titles correctly describe what appears. #3 Read Most Important Text: Read the preface, executive summary, or any other introductory material that the reader is likely to look at first. Read the conclusion or final summary section. Read the headings and subheadings. Read the first sentence (or first paragraph, if there is time) of each section. If you have any time remaining, proofread known trouble spots. You'll notice that the first 2 processes do not involve proofreading text. If you're really crunched for time, verify the organization and style of the document first because: It is fast to do so. A poorly organized document is very unprofessional, and readily apparent to a reader. Worse yet, your reader will be lost in the disorganization. You will find the most obvious errors. Only once you verify organization and appearance (items 1-2), should you move to text review (item 3).Ideally, we need to allow enough proofreading time. But, sometimes we don't have that option. These techniques will save you when you're faced with too little time.
Sunday, November 3, 2019
A contevrsary about social, political , and cultural impacts of science and technology on socity - Research Paper Example Most of the traditional studies are still focusing narrowly on how to make new things rather than whether these innovations are desirable or necessary to the society (Bell, 2006). This paper purports to discuss the political, social, and cultural impacts of science and technology to the society. Political impacts do with the mode in which science and technology advancement influences policies and policy-makers (Zeleza, 2004). This includes the attitudes and interests of administrators, politicians, and the public towards an issue of community interest towards science and technology, the actions of the public, and individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ involvement in science and technology solutions (Bulger, 2005). We are currently living in a digital world whereby science and technology advancement is changing processing, ownership, and usage of information. This revolution causes both positive and negative impacts to the political status of many countries. The key to success of any countryÃ¢â¬â¢s democracy is a well-informed public. Science and technology advancement has improved the nature of intellectual property rights and that of copyrights (Zeleza, 2004). In future, intellectual property rightsÃ¢â¬â¢ harmonization and biodiversity conservation are going to improve due to technologic al advancement. The fundamental political development in most countries is highly influenced by science and technology advancement since governments are able to distribute political, social, and economical information to its society (Cutcliffe, 2007). In order for a country to experience a friendly democracy, the society must have full access to basic economic and political information. Advancement of technology such as social media networks enables people to share political information and ideas with other people (Bulger, 2005). Science and technology advancement is making it easier and possible to distribute political information beyond place and time reaching to a